Berzelius symposium 90
19-21 August 2015 in Stockholm, Sweden
Arranged by the Swedish Society of Medicine
in cooperation with Acta Paediatrica, Sällskapet Barnavård,
John Lind Stiftelsen and Karolinska Institutet
Organizing committee: Professor Hugo Lagercrantz, Wibke Jonas, RM PhD, Associate Prof .Ulrika Ådén MD PhD (Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, KI) and Associate Prof Andreas Olsson (Department of Clinical Neuroscience, KI).
The aim of this proposed Berzeliussymposium is to present novel research findings with respect to the underlying physiological and psychological processes of becoming a parent as well as to the mechanisms of how parenting emerges.
As many as 2.8 million mothers and 2.3 million fathers live in Sweden today, which amounts to approximately 51% of the entire population.
Thus, parents constitute a significant portion of the population. Parents are willing to expend enormous resources, at personal costs to raise their children and ‘deserve’ to be noticed and understood in their own rights.
We also know that the quality of parenting has large effects on the development of children. For instance, sensitive and responsive parenting affects childrens’ attachment, emotional and social regulation, their language, cognition, and executive function development and growth. It is evident that these effects are prominent from very early on: Breastfeeding, close physical contact between the mother (and father) and baby and/or talking and singing to the infant stimulates the cognitive and emotional development as early as in the postpartum period.
Lack of adequate stimulation and long term separation from care-givers can have deterimental effects on children, as was seen, for example, in the hospitalized Romanian orphans. Harsh, neglectful or abusive parenting results in higher risk for physical health problems and substance abuse, adult obesity and chronic illness or depression.Parenting clearly matters. Parental caretaking is a fundamental and genetically transmitted biological instinct, and we are just starting to understand the underlying psycho- and neurobiological mechanisms that determine individual differences in parental behaviour in humans.
Just to illustrate some of the mechanisms involved: high levels of oxytocin, released during labour and birth stimulate the mother’s readiness to take care of her newborn. High levels of cortisol stimulate the mother’s alertness and capability to recognize their newborns simply by smell. The bare view of a newborn baby is capable of stimulating an adults dopaminergic reward system.
The latter is true even for persons who are not parents!
Increased activity has been demonstrated in the orbitofrontal cortex of adults when viewing a newborn infant regardless of parenthood.
This symposium will exhibit pre-clinical and clinical research findings and is relevant for a broad audience, including researchers and students, laymen and all personnel who are working with families and newborns.
You are cordially invited to participate!
Wednesday, 19 August 2015
13.00 Welcome Addresses:
Filippa Nyberg, CEO, The Swedish Society of Medicine
Hugo Lagercrantz, Chair, Organizing Committee
Psychobiology, genetics of parental care and the brain
Chair: Kyllike Christensson and Per-Anders Rydelius
13.10 Alison Fleming: Neuropsychology of Human Mothering and the Effects of Experience
13.45 Wibke Jonas: Breastfeeding: Factors affecting its occurrence and effects.
14.00 Renée Flacking: Breastfeeding and infant-parent interaction.
15.00 Nim Tottenham: Human Amygdala-Prefrontal Cortex Development and the Role
15.35 Ruth Feldman: The Human Parental Brain; Mothers and Fathers.
19.00 Reception at the Stockholm City Hall hosted by a member of the Presidency of the City Council and co-hosted by Stockholm’s County Council. The number of participants is limited!
Thursday, 20 August 2015
Newborn and parental behaviour in the immediate postpartum period.
Chair: Anne-Marie Widström and Stephen Matthews
09.00 Patrick McGowan: The role of early life adversity and parental care in shaping mental
09.35 Eva Nissen: Skin-to-skin contact after birth”.
09.50 Hugo Lagercrantz: Awakening of the newborn infant.
10.50 Mikael Norman: Mode of delivery – epigenetic effects.
11.10 Steven Lye: Maternal Contributions to the Initiation of Term and Preterm Birth.
11.30 Ulrika Ådén and Nelly Padilla: The preterm brain.
Chair: Chair: Karin Stjernqvist and Claes von Hofsten
13.20 William Fifer: Fetal and infant learning.
13.55 Terje Falck-Ytter: Mirror neurons in parent infant interaction.
14.10 Lianne Woodward: Parenting a Preterm Infant in the NICU and Beyond.
14.45 Andreas Olsson: Social learning of threat and safety.
15.15 Coffee and Poster viewing.
18.00 Symposium dinner at Junibacken on Djurgården, Stockholm. Including the ”Story Train” which will take us on a journey with the fabulous stories of Astrid Lindgren. (Open to participants who have registrered and paid the fee for SEK 500).
Friday, 21 August 2015
THE JOHN LIND FOUNDATION LECTURES:
Chair: Lena Hellström-Westas and Björn Westrup
09.05 Martin Ritzén: John Lind – a pioneer pediatrician understanding the importance of parental-infant bonding.
09.15 Marc Bornstein: Two Kinds of Mother-Infant Interactions across Cultures and their
09.50 Anna Sarkadi: The Swedish father.
Chair: Hugo Lagercrantz and Kerstin Uvnäs Moberg
10.40 Larry Young: Parallels between the neural control of parental care and pair bonding and
the influences of parental nurturing on infant social development.
11.15 Morten Kringelbach: The parental instinct.
11.50 General discussion
Concluding remarks: Kerstin Uvnäs Moberg
You are most welcome to submit a poster abstract to the meeting!
Abstract: max length 44 lines with Times New Roman 12 p.
Please send to firstname.lastname@example.org not later than 10h June 2015.
Poster boards at the symposium: there will be boards available with approx size of 90 cm wide x 120 cm. If you already have a poster in a larger size, two boards can be used.
More information email@example.com