Global health

Abstrakts

 

Peter Friberg
President, Swedish Society of Medicine

The Swedish Society of Medicine has a goal to increase knowledge and awareness in both Swedish public health and global health issues. Together with our collaborators we want to stimulate education, research and implementation of knowledge. It is great news that the world´s health is improving. For example, during the recent 40 years, life expectancy has increased 20 years in Bolivia. Extreme poverty remains a serious challenge as does improving child- and women health. Several risk factors and diseases like high blood pressure, smoking, alcohol, mental ill-health and diabetes are shared between low- middle and high income countries.
To continue the improvement of global health and creating as many healthy life years as possible, the work ahead requires cross-disciplinary collaboration between health professionals, environmental scientists, economists and capacity building.

Welcome to an interesting, demanding and memorable day at
Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre!



Anders Nordström
Ambassador for Global Health, Department for Multilateral Development Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Healthy people contribute to sustainable development. At the same time, policies that promote sustainability benefit human health. The health of populations, and how equitably health is distributed, provide a yardstick to judge progress across all aspects of economic, social and environmental policy. 
Any future goal for health will need to be universally relevant.  Future health goals need to reflect these universal realities - ensuring that values of equity and human rights, including gender, are “hard-wired” throughout.  A possible shape for health in the post-2015 development agenda is emerging positioning health as a critical contributor to and outcome of sustainable development and human wellbeing.  Health goals beyond 2015 should aim to maximize healthy lives at all stages of life. This should include accelerating the health MDG agenda, reducing the burden of NCDS and ensuring universal health coverage and access, with an increased focus on adolescents. Refining global health goals is only one step. Achieving them will require a strong and supportive environment. This will imply significant investment in systems, accountability and governance.
Global Health – beyond 2015



Robert Beaglehole
Emeritus Professor, University of Auckland



Global Health: Overcoming the global neglect of NCDs
NCDs (non-communicable diseases) principally cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes) have been long neglected despite being the leading global causes of death for decades. This situation is changing with the turning point being the UN High-Level on NCDs in 2011 and the commitments made by Heads of States to accelerate the prevention and management of NCDs. In 2012 WHO member states agreed a global goal for reducing avoidable NCD mortality by 25% by 2025. A set of voluntary global targets will be approved at the World Health Assembly in May 2013 and the Global NCD Action Plan is under development. Two challenges remain. First, independent national and global accountability mechanisms are required to be certain that the global goal is on track to be met. Second, since NCDs are a development issue they must be central to the global development agenda that will succeed the MDGs.



Ruth Bonita
Emeritus Professor, University of Auckland

Country actions to achieve the 25 by 25 global goal
A global goal of a 25% reduction in avoidable NCD mortality by 2025 has been adopted by governments. Countries must now develop their own national NCD targets and action plans towards reaching this goal.  This will require leadership at the highest level and multi-sectoral support for healthy policies. The challenge for countries will be to focus their initial actions on a small set of priority evidence-based and cost-effective interventions: tobacco control, salt reduction and the management of people at high risk of NCDs. Accelerated implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control is the entry point for NCD prevention with regular and substantial increases in the price of tobacco products as the key intervention. The global tobacco control goal is for an essentially tobacco-free world by 2040 (with a prevalence of tobacco use of <5%); several countries are aiming to be tobacco-free by 2025.

 

Mariam Claeson
Deputy Director for Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health, Family Health, Global Development Program, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Health must be a central part of the poverty and equity agenda beyond 2015.
Ill-health contributes to and is a manifestation of poverty, and good health contributes to development.  If global development goals are about a global commitment to address key factors, such as health,  that contribute to poverty, then a central question ought to be what are the afflictions of the poorest and most vulnerable that prohibit their fulfillment as productive members of society. Working with and reaching these populations to meet ambitious targets would be the first order of business. The context for development has experienced significant changes in the last decade, including in the financial context and resource mobilization - a threat to sustained support for global health and development programs. 

 

Roopa Dhatt
President of IFMSA - International Federation of Medical Students' Associations

The IFMSA is a network of 1.3 million medical students worldwide interested in global health issues and that have worked for common goals since 1951. IFMSA is creating tomorrow’s global health leaders today and empowers future physicians to become advocates in leading social change and influencing transnational inequalities that shape the health and well-being of all people. The education and empowerment of youth advocates ultimately leads to both a stronger engagement of the youth in global health issues as well as enables future health professionals to become involved in processes early on in their training and support health system strengthening and sustainable development.

 

Lena Ek
Minister for the Environment

Climate change impact on our health becomes particularly clear when it comes to air pollution. Although the risk of being involved in diseases due to air pollution is small for the individual, any reductions in concentration levels are positive from a public health perspective. According to the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare about 3000 Swedes die every year from diseases caused by pollutants in the air. This is specially the short-lived air pollutants such as soot and methane, when they enter the atmosphere, contributing to global warming. These are not covered by any global agreement in the same way as carbon dioxide – we must deal with these pollutants in our everyday lives. This is for the sake of the climate, and the public health.

 

Richard Horton
BSc MB FRCP FMedSci, Editor-in-Chief, The Lancet

Women and children have enjoyed spectacular gains in their health status in recent years. These successes have been supplemented by unprecedented opportunities to go further—to end, once and for all, preventable maternal, newborn, and child mortality. But we are also conscious of the urgent actions needed now to assist countries that have so far been unable to implement known effective interventions to save the lives of women and children. I hope that the renewed debate and advocacy can generate, and will accelerate these urgent actions. I want to see independent accountability not only become a new norm in global health, but also demonstrably improve the lives of women and children worldwide. Ultimately, that is the goal we must support —through monitoring, reviewing, and proposing remedies—and which the global community is responsible for delivering.

 

Tore Laerdal
Managing Director Laerdal Global Health/Executive Director Laerdal Foundation

At Laerdal Global Health we follow “guiding stars” from over 50 years of experience with programs within life-saving; 

The greatest opportunity to save more lives relates to better implementation of what is already known to work.
Innovation is more likely to result from more efficient education and system implementation than from new technology
Things need to be made ultra-simple to learn and remember

An essential success criteria for programs to reduce newborn and maternal mortality is that they are locally owned and part of national health plans.
Laerdal is collaborating with leading NGOs and local implementation partners through the Helping Babies Breathe and Survive & Thrive global development alliances.

 

Maria Larsson
Minister for Children and Elderly

Children should be able to enjoy a secure, drug-free childhood with adults who are there for them. People with disabilities should be able to participate in society and working life. And when you get older, you should be able to be the person you were before.

 

René Loewenson
Training and Research Support Centre/ EQUINET Equity Watch

The Millennium Declaration in 2000 pointed to four major dimensions of health inequalities that leaders committed themselves to address. This presentation draws on analysis of  inequalities in health in key areas of the MDGs (particularly drawing on evidence from Equity Watch work in east and southern Africa) to explore the progress made in addressing these dimensions, viz: in realizing rights; in closing gaps between opportunity and practice; in needs based allocation of resources and in global solidarity. It raises the implications from a health equity lens for accountability on the commitments made in the Millennium declaration and for Global health beyond 2015.

 

Usman Mushtaq
Member of Youth Commission on Global Governance for Health

Young people are one of the biggest constituencies in the world, and accordingly a crucial stakeholder in shaping the Global Health agenda. The University of Oslo and The Lancet announced a Youth Commission on Global Governance for Health. The initiative follows The Lancet—University of Oslo Commission on Global Governance for Health, in collaboration with the Harvard Global Health Institute, whose mandate is to “examine aspects of governance, at both national and global levels, with the aim of making recommendations for improving global governance for health”. The open-mindedness and innovative thinking that young people often display will accentuate the work of the Commission, and provide valuable perspectives. Besides, young people have for long shown enthusiasm and progressive action in the field. The youth commission was also established in order to facilitate the involvement of students and young academics in the global governance for health debate.

The Youth Commission has two main tasks. The first will be to carry out an independent assessment of global governance for health. The second task will be to serve as an advisory group by continuously providing feedback to the Commission's work.

 

Arun Nanda
Senior Strategy & Policy Advisor to the Regional Director

Today countries need more than ever to act together to ensure the health of their populations. Globally, health has become an economic and security issue and is increasingly seen as a global public good for which collective action is needed. Health is a major investment sector for human, economic and social development, and increasingly seen as a matter of human rights.

Governance for health points to the need for negotiated solutions to shared international health problems, and the capacity to convene and facilitate such negotiation distinguishes WHO from most other health actors. Global issues resonate regionally and the 53 Member States of the WHO European Region adopted in 2012 a new European policy framework for health and well-being - Health 2020 - marking the launch of a new phase of public health policy in Europe.

 

Johan Rockström
Executive Director, Professor, Water systems and Global Sustainability

GLOBAL SUSTAINABILITY, HUMAN HEALTH AND WORLD DEVELOPMENT
Humanity no longer lives only in a socially and economically hyper-connected world. The human enterprise has entered a new geological epoch, the Anthropocene, where humanity constitutes a geological force of environmental change at the planetary scale. We now live in a world of global inter-dependence, where social, health and environmental processes interact in new and unexpected ways. Global environmental change, such as climate change and ecosystem degradation, profoundly influences human health risks. A new global development paradigm is needed that integrates global sustainability and resilience, with human health and world development. In the Anthropocene, we have once and for all left the solve one-issue-at-a-time era behind us.  

 

Hans Rosling
Professor in global health, Karolinska Institutet, founder of Gapminder

Global health has improved over the last decades. But there is still a 100-fold difference in child mortality between the richest and the poorest nations. However, the pattern of global health has changed. The old pattern with rich-and-healthy versus poor-and-sick nations, is replaced by a continuum from quite healthy to very sick nations, with wide internal disparities. Today, most people live in the middle of this socio-economic continuum, where non-communicable conditions dominate the disease burden. But the worst global health challenge is still high mortality from infections and malnutrition as well as the lack of basic health services among almost 2 billion people in extreme poverty.

 

Olle Stendahl
Board member Swedish Research Council, professor medical microbiology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Health, Linköping

More than 13 million people die every year from communicable diseases. Although the number has decreased slightly for most infections over the last 20 years due to new vaccines and improved infectious control, we face new challenges particularly related to antimicrobial resistance against several microbes. We need to join forces to intensify our research efforts to find new effective ways to combat this global health challenge.

 

Gunhild A. Stordalen
MD/PhD, chair of the Stordalen Foundation & GreeNudge

Today, climate change and chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) pose some of the greatest threats to public health. As both climate change and the rapidly increasing burden of NCDs are affecting poor and disadvantaged populations disproportionately, tackling these issues is crucial to avoid widening health gaps between and within countries. The good news, however, is that several climate measures have significant health co-benefits. A multi-sectorial and multi-disciplinary approach is required. We need to call for academia, governments, NGO’s and enterprises to create a healthy, sustainable future, for both people and planet.
 


 



Global Health

Global Health



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Global Health-beyond 2015

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